慢速VOA 2010.07.10 如何种植菊花(1/2)voa listening,english


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参考答案(请听写完后再看:))
People have grown chrysanthemums for more than 2,000 years. Chinese and other Asian cultures make tea with the flowers. But mums also make bright and colorful gardens.

 

 

One basic kind of mum is the hardy or garden mum. The other basic kind is the florist mum. The garden mum is better able to handle different growing conditions than the florist mum.

There are many varieties of mums. The decorative mum is often seen in gardens. Another popular type, the quill mum, has long, straight petals like a tube or needle.

Chrysanthemum blooms can be white, yellow, gold, red or other colors. The plants often grow to one meter in height.

The soil should be kept moist but well drained so it does not get too wet.

Newly planted mums should be watered 2 or 3 times a week, depending on conditions. Plants established in the ground may do well with just normal rainfall. In dry conditions they will need more water.

Mums grow best in full sunshine. They produce colorful blooms when days get shorter and nights get longer. The life cycle of the plant depends on the amount of daylight. This is why experts advise against placing mums near nightlights or streetlights. The light may interfere with their normal growth cycle. The plants may develop buds too soon.

我的听写
本听写稿由tunpishuang听写,来自沪江VOA听写系统

 

 

People has grow chrysanthemum have grown chrysanthemums for more than two thousand 2,000 years. Chinese and other Asian cultures make tea with the flowers, but amongs . But mums also make bright and colorful gardens. one

One basic kind of mum is the hardy or garden mum. the The other basic kind is the florest mumsflorist mum. The garden mum is better able to handle different growing situations conditions than the florest florist mum.

There are many variary varieties of mums. The decorated mums decorative mum is often seen in gardens. Another popular type, the qual quill mum, has long, straight pattles petals like a tube or niddlesneedle.

Chrysanthemum blooms can be white, yellow, gold, red or other colors. the The plants often grow to 1 one meter in height. the

The soil should been be kept moised moist but well drained so it does not get too wet.

Newly plantly planted mums should be watered 2 or 3 times a week, depending on conditions. Plants establised established in the ground may do just well with just normal rainfall. in In dry condition, conditions they will need more water.

Mums grow best in full sunshine. they They produce colorful blooms when days get shorter and nights get longer. the The life cycle of the plant depends on the amount of daylight. this This is why experts advice a ? advise against placing mums near light lights nightlights or straight lightsstreetlights. the The light may interfere with their normal growth cycle. the plant The plants may develop bugs buds too soon.


听写于:3分钟前 用时:2:24
正确率:82% (+16分) 错词:26个
听写笔记
mum [mʌm] n. 菊花,沉默 a. 沉默的 vi. 演哑剧 int. 别说话!n. (=mom)妈妈
petal ['petl] n. 花瓣
chrysanthemum [kri'sæntʃəməm] n. 菊,菊花
florist ['flɔ:rist] n. 花匠,花商,花卉研究者
bloom [blu:m] n. 花,开花,青春,钢块 vi. 开花,焕发青春,茂盛 vt. 使茂盛,炼成钢坯
bud [bʌd] n. 芽,花蕾 vi. 发芽,萌芽 vt. 使发芽
rainfall n。降雨量,下雨。我写成了rainful
tube n.管子
needle n.勺子
drain vt。 排水,流干
placing n.(未经许可)出售
参考译文
人类种植菊花已有超过2,000年的历史了。中国和其他亚洲国家通常使用花来制作茶叶。但是菊花还可以使花园色彩鲜艳明亮。

 

 

一种基本的菊花品种叫做花园菊花,另外一种基本的品种叫做花店菊花。花园菊花比花店菊花更能够适应不同的生长环境。

菊花有许多种类。装饰类的菊花在花园中经常看到。另外一种流行的种类,毛刺型菊花,有着长长的直立的花瓣,像管子或针。

菊花的花可以是白色,黄色,金色,红色或者其他颜色。植株通常可以生长到一米。

土壤必须保持湿润,但是必须有良好的排水条件,这样就不会太湿。

新种植的菊花应每周浇水两至三次,依情况而定。种植在地面的植株一般情况下只需正常的降雨就可以了。在干燥的情况下可能需要更多的水。

菊花在充足的阳光照射下生长最好。当白天变短,夜间变长时,就会开出色彩鲜艳的花朵。植株的生命周期取决于日照时间。所以专家建议不要将菊花放置在夜灯和路灯附近。灯光会影响植株的正常生长周期。植株也会过早开花。

我的译文
人类种植菊花的历史将近2000多年。中国和其他的亚洲国家通过花朵来制作茶叶。但它同样能将花园装点得光鲜亮丽。

 

 

最普遍的一种菊花是耐寒性菊花或称为花园菊花。另外一种是花匠菊花。花园菊花相对于花匠菊花而言能够在更多的环境中生长。

同样还有许许多多其他种类的菊花。花园中常见的是装饰性菊花。另外一种常见的是刺菊花,它有长而直立的花瓣,将好像是管子、针。

菊花开的花有白色、黄色、金色、红色和其他颜色。该物种能生长到一米多高。

培植菊花的土壤要保持湿润、但也要足够干燥,不至于太湿。

新栽的菊花根据环境的不同每周应该浇水2到3次。他们适合在特定的降雨量下生长。如果干燥,他们就需要更多的水。

菊花在阳光照射下生长是最好的。当白天变短黑夜变长,它们就会生长出五彩斑斓的花朵。它们的生命循环完全依赖于日光量。这也是专家不建议将菊花放在夜光或者在街光下生长的原因。光线会影响到它们正常的生长循环。造成过早结出花蕾。

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